Gulzar Hyderabad: Urdu poetry is now richer by a new genre, Triveni. The credit goes to filmmaker and lyricist Gulzar. A poetic unit of three verses, Triveni packs a punch in the last line by turning around the meaning expressed in the first two verses. Gulzar, who has mastered the art of writing the Triveni, regaled the audience the other day at the Maulana Azad National Urdu University Manuu.
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Print Translated by Shantanu Ray Chaudhuri The triveni is a form that Gulzar began experimenting with in the mids. It gets its name from the fact that it is composed of three lines.
It is different from other three-line forms like the haiku and senryu, which have a fixed limit on the syllable count and in essence describes one image. But beneath the two there is the subterranean flow of another, the Saraswati. Not visible to the eye. The triveni intends to reveal the Saraswati. The third line, lost in the first two, either changes the meaning of the poem altogether, its focus, or gives it a surprising twist, in the process creating an entirely new poem altogether.
In the forty years since then, the form has been widely disseminated and used by a number of poets. Presenting: ten trivenis by Gulzar. The bird in flight saw only this: A branch waving its arm for long To say goodbye? Or to call it back? Why is the newspaper wet today? Time to change the hawker from tomorrow. The full moon, all afire Long will it be radiant tonight! Like a lonesome firefly in a berry bush A drop glitters in the cascading hair Why complain of a leaking roof! A battered god might emerge!
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Trivenis: On Gulzar’s 81st birthday, twelve poems in a form of his invention
Due to the partition , his family split and he had to stop his studies and come to Mumbai then called Bombay to support his family. Sampooran took up many small jobs in Mumbai to eke out a living, including one at a garage at Vichare motors on Bellasis road Mumbai. His father rebuked him for being a writer initially. He took the pen name Gulzar Deenvi and later simply Gulzar. Gulzar began his career under film directors Bimal Roy and Hrishikesh Mukherjee. His book Ravi Paar has a narrative of Bimal Roy and the agony of creation. He started his career as a songwriter with the music director Sachin Dev Burman for the movie Bandini
Yet the kind of poetry that he writes cannot be, in terms of definition, fully bracketed as the work of imagism. Therefore, it may be more accurate to define him as a painter without a paintbrush, easel and colour palette. In a manner of speaking, this is how Gulzar charms his readers: he creates a scene with readily understandable words, illuminates it by using familiar images from everyday life and brings it together, or rounds it off, with an inquisitive undertone. The poetic tools he seeks help from range from subtle paradoxes to delightful personifications.