MULLAPERIYAR DAM PDF

It was constructed between and by the British Government to divert water eastwards to the Madras Presidency area present-day Tamil Nadu. It has a height of The dam is located in Kerala on the river Periyar , [1] [4] but is controlled and operated under a period lease by neighboring Tamil Nadu state. This lease was made after 24 years negotiation between the Maharaja and the British. The lease indenture granted full right, power and liberty to the Secretary of State for India to construct make and carry out on the leased land and to use exclusively when constructed, made and carried out, all such irrigation works and other works ancillary thereto to. The agreement gave acres of land for the reservoir and another acres to construct the dam.

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It was constructed between and by the British Government to divert water eastwards to the Madras Presidency area present-day Tamil Nadu. It has a height of The dam is located in Kerala on the river Periyar , [1] [4] but is controlled and operated under a period lease by neighboring Tamil Nadu state.

This lease was made after 24 years negotiation between the Maharaja and the British. The lease indenture granted full right, power and liberty to the Secretary of State for India to construct make and carry out on the leased land and to use exclusively when constructed, made and carried out, all such irrigation works and other works ancillary thereto to. The agreement gave acres of land for the reservoir and another acres to construct the dam.

The tax for each acre was [Image:Indian Rupee symbol. The lease provided the British the rights over "all the waters" of the Mullaperiyar and its catchment basin , for an annual rent of [Image:Indian Rupee symbol.

The Madras Presidency was organised to form Madras State in On 1 November , the state of Kerala was formed by the States Reorganisation Act merging the Malabar district, Travancore-Cochin excluding four southern taluks , which were merged with Tamil Nadu , and the taluk of Kasargod , South Kanara. According to the renewed agreement, the tax per acre was increased to [Image:Indian Rupee symbol. Tamil Nadu uses the water and the land, and the Tamil Nadu government has been paying to the Kerala government for the past 50 years [Image:Indian Rupee symbol.

As of the matter is pending before a Division Bench of the Supreme Court. Tamil Nadu has insisted on exercising its unfettered rights to control the dam and its waters, based on the lease agreement.

Kerala has pointed out the unfairness in the lease agreement and has challenged its validity. However, safety concerns posed by the year old dam to the safety of the people of Kerala in the event of a dam collapse, have been the focus of disputes from onwards. Tamil Nadu has insisted on raising the water level in the dam to feet, pointing out crop failures. One estimate states that "the crop losses to Tamil Nadu, because of the reduction in the height of the dam, between and is a whopping [Image:Indian Rupee symbol.

In the process the farmers of the erstwhile rain shadow areas in Tamil Nadu who had started a thrice yearly cropping pattern had to go back to the bi-annual cropping. The Supreme Court issued notice to Kerala to respond, however did not stay the operation of the Act even as an interim measure.

The Court then advised the States to settle the matter amicably, and adjourned hearing in order to enable them to do so. The Supreme Court of India termed the act as not unconstitutional. Increasing the level would add more pressure to be handled by already leaking dam.

In Frontline one author stated thus: "For every argument raised by Tamil Nadu in support of its claims, there is counter-argument in Kerala that appears equally plausible. A solution perhaps lies in acknowledging the two truths, but neither government can afford the political repercussions of such a confession". What we see here is a microcosm of the bigger problem that India faces with China, which is building dams on Brahmaputra.

Central Water Commission Retrieved on 30 November

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MULLAPERIYAR DAM

During a recent scanning of the Mullaperiyar dam using a remotely operated vehicle by the Central Soil and Materials Research Station on directions from the Empowered Committee of the Supreme Court, the Kerala Government observer opined that "mistakes in the strengthening works carried out by Tamil Nadu" in damaged the masonry of the dam. Since the dam was constructed using stone rubble masonry with lime mortar grouting following prevailing 19th-century construction techniques that have now become archaic, seepage and leaks from the dam have caused concern. These could be reservoir-induced seismicity, requiring further studies according to experts. Anand Committee The Empowered Committee [ edit ] On 18 February , the Supreme Court decided to constitute a five-member empowered committee to study all the issues of Mullaperiyar Dam and seek a report from it within six months. The five-member committee will be headed by former Chief Justice of India A.

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