Specifically, hip hop slang makes use of alternative pronunciations, mostly drawn from AAVE. Hence, ordinary words are given new meanings, new coinages and portmanteau words, and vernacular phrases. Consequently, as the hip hop culture has become popular worldwide, non-Americans and non-English speakers have borrowed from and contributed to the slang of hip hop, often modifying the meanings of words to their own uses. The Notorious B. So the ending of a word is removed, and replaced with the -izzle suffix.
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Backpacker — slang term for nerdy rappers or can be even used to categorise a type of hip hop where rappers use complex rhyme schemes, large syllable words and tend to have politically inflected lyrics. Beats — the musical usually electronic accompaniment to rapping.
Biting — term used to describe inauthentic actions of rappers and DJs. Breaks or breakbeat — sample of a syncopated drum beat usually lifted as an excerpt from a record. Crew — an assemblage of people in a rap group. Can either be a cappella, accompanied to music or with a beatboxer. Lyrics can either be freestyled or pre-written verses.
Dubstep — form of electronic dance music that originated in South London in the late s. It is characterised by heavy bass lines and sub-bass frequencies. The genre has beats per minute and heavy bass lines. Flow — refers to the rhythm of the rhyme and how closely rappers keep in time to the music, as well their intonation.
Freestyle — rapping spontaneous and unwritten lyrics. Gangsta — a type of rapper who is usually distinguishable by their clothes and style. Garage — genre of electronic music based on Chicago house music but developed in UK in early s. It comprises of a syncopated rhythm and features MCs rapping.
Grime — is essentially a cross between hip hop and speed garage and developed in East London during the s. It is characterised by a fast tempo of beats per minute and features MCs rapping. Hip Hop — is a cultural phenomenon made up of four distinct elements — rapping, DJing, breakdancing and graffiti. In terms of music, it comprises the rapping and DJ components. Hip Hop Head — someone who identifies as being a hip hop fan. This includes artists, DJs and other stakeholders.
Hip Hop Nation — collective term for the global hip hop community, encompassing all the local scenes in countries across the world. Jungle — genre of music that gained popularity in Britain during the s. It is characterised by chopped up electronic breaks and heavy basslines and sometimes features ragga vocals. Old Skool — contested term but in general refers to hip hop made between the period of the s to s. Open Mic — public event in which music and a mic microphone are provided for any artists to perform in front of others.
Rap Battle — a competition usually between two rappers who fight against each other using lyrics. Rapper — a person who expresses himself through rhythmic spoken word lyrics. Rhyme Schemes — the pattern of the rhyme between lines of a song the same as poetry. Wordplay — how a rapper creatively uses lyrics within a song.
For example, incorporating words with double meanings and puns for humour or including punch lines. Share this:.
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