BOWLBY 44 THIEVES PDF

Research Methods Bowlby: 44 Thieves Aim: To establish a cause-and-effect relationship between maternal deprivation and emotional maladjustment based on his observations of patients at his child guidance clinic. To see if there is a link between delinquency and maternal deprivation Procedure: Opportunity sample - 88 children from the London Child guidance clinic. They were of a similar age and intelligence to the thieves. At the clinic children were assessed on arrival using interviews, case histories and psychological testing. Mental tests were conducted on intelligence, as well as assessment of emotional attitudes towards the tests.

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Research Methods Bowlby: 44 Thieves Aim: To establish a cause-and-effect relationship between maternal deprivation and emotional maladjustment based on his observations of patients at his child guidance clinic. To see if there is a link between delinquency and maternal deprivation Procedure: Opportunity sample - 88 children from the London Child guidance clinic. They were of a similar age and intelligence to the thieves.

At the clinic children were assessed on arrival using interviews, case histories and psychological testing. Mental tests were conducted on intelligence, as well as assessment of emotional attitudes towards the tests. These initial reports were given to Bowlby who then interviewed the child and the mother. From this a diagnosis was formed after a case conference was held. Further interviews occurred after so that more in-depth detail could be obtained.

They lied, stole, had no sense of loyalty or friendship. Deprivation leads to an affectionless character and potential for criminal behaviour Evaluation Generalisability: Case studies of individual children, this may not be generalised to other groups of children Reliability: A control group was used and show that out of the thieves 14 were affectionless characters whereas none of the control group were.

Without the control group conclusions would have been difficult to make. However the control group Bowlby used were also attending the clinic and had problems; Bowlby himself said he would have liked a control group of normal children. Other factors may have led to these outcomes e. Bowlby did not look at relationship with the father and school experiences. Lowers the validity and reliability.

However, it is rather vague and hard to assess, and has not been used by other researchers.

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Bowlby 44 Thieves Evaluation

You are on page 1of 3 Search inside document Key Study: Bowlby 44 Thieves John Bowlby believed that the relationship between the infant and its mother during the first five years of life was most crucial to socialisation. He believed that disruption of this primary relationship could lead to a higher incidence of juvenile delinquency, emotional difficulties and antisocial behaviour. To support his hypothesis, he studied 44 adolescent juvenile delinquents in a child guidance clinic. Aim: To investigate the effects of maternal deprivation on people in order to see whether delinquents have suffered deprivation. According to the Maternal Deprivation Hypothesis, breaking the maternal bond with the child during the early stages of its life is likely to have serious effects on its intellectual, social and emotional development.

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44 Thieves

Zulkijin Reexamining the relationship of maternal loss in childhood with adult depression and anxiety. Bowlby designed and conducted the experiment himself. If the attachment figure is broken or disrupted during the critical two year period, the child will suffer irreversible long-term consequences of this maternal deprivation. Attachment, communication, and the therapeutic process. Only 2 of the control group had experienced a prolonged separation in their first 5 years. Bowlby used the term maternal deprivation to refer to the separation or loss of the mother as well as failure to develop an attachment.

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Bowlby's Attachment Theory

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